How To Join The Merchant Navy After 12th In India?
How To Join The Merchant Navy

Are you considering a career at sea? If so, you may be interested in how to join the merchant navy. With its vast coastline, India provides numerous opportunities for those pursuing a maritime career.

This blog post will provide an overview of how to join the merchant navy after 12th in India, including how to apply and the qualifications necessary. We’ll also discuss the benefits of a career in the Merchant Navy and the various career paths available. So if you’re ready to take the plunge and join the Merchant Navy in India, read on to find out what you need to know.

What Is A Merchant Navy?

The Merchant Navy is the fleet of commercial vessels that transport cargo across the world’s oceans and seas. It is also referred to as the “merchant marine” or “commercial navy.” The Merchant Navy has a long and distinguished history, having played a key role in many of the world’s most important trade routes and maritime events.

Merchant ships are owned and operated by private companies rather than by governments. They transport fuel, food, minerals, machinery, and other supplies worldwide. They may also carry passengers for leisure purposes. Many merchant ships carry dangerous cargo, including toxic chemicals and nuclear waste.

The Merchant Navy also plays a vital role in military activities, such as transporting troops and supplies during wartime. It is also responsible for delivering relief aid during natural disasters.

The Merchant Navy is divided into several categories, depending on the type of ship and purpose. These include cargo ships, tankers, passenger ships, ferries, fishing vessels, tugs, and dredgers. The Merchant Navy is one of the largest employers in the world, with over 2 million seafarers working on merchant ships.

Types Of Merchant Navy In India

The Merchant Navy in India is divided into sectors: Deck Cadet Or Navigating Officer and Engineer.

Deck Cadet Or Navigating Officer

Deck Cadets are those individuals trained to become navigational officers, including managing a ship’sship’s crew and its cargo operations. They must know well about maritime safety regulations and practices, chartwork, navigation systems, radio communications, meteorology, etc. On-the-job training on ships is provided for about 18 months for a deck cadet. During this period, they are also required to pass specific DGS (Directorate General of Shipping) exams. On completion of their training period, they are awarded a certificate known as a ”Continuous Discharge Certificate” (CDC). This qualifies them as a ”Deck Officer” or ”Navigating Officer”.

Navigating Officers in the Merchant Navy earn salaries depending on their rank, experience and knowledge. A starting Navigating Officer can expect to make anywhere between ₹15,000 to ₹30,000 per month. With experience and promotions, this amount can go up to ₹ two lakhs per month. Other benefits include medical coverage, accommodation on board ships, allowances, and sometimes bonuses.


Engineers in Merchant Navy are responsible for maintaining and operating the ship’s machinery. To qualify as an engineer, one must possess a degree or diploma in marine engineering from any recognized university or college approved by DG Shipping. Various streams are available such as mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, etc. After graduation, aspiring engineers will need to enroll with DG Shipping under the ”Certificate of Competency Examinations” scheme after graduation. CoC examinations can be taken either directly after graduation or during the practical onboard experience that follows. Those engineers who successfully clear these examinations will be certified with an Engineering Certificate of Competency. This will qualify them to serve as Chief Engineers on board various ships operated by Indian companies.

The Duties Of Engineers Include:

  • Operating and maintaining the ship’s machinery.
  • Conducting repairs and maintenance.
  • Performing routine checks and tests on the ship’s systems.

You may also need to work in the engine room during long journeys. In addition to technical abilities, engineers must have excellent problem-solving skills and be able to take decisions quickly and confidently.

Once you have completed your training and passed the necessary examinations, you can apply for a license from the Directorate General of Shipping. This license is mandatory for working on ships in India. After being issued the license, you will be eligible for jobs with leading shipping companies in India.

As an engineer, your salary and benefits package will depend on the size of the vessel and the company you work for. The larger the vessel, the higher your salary is likely to be. You may also receive additional benefits such as medical insurance and pension schemes. Other perks include regular bonuses and vacation time.

What is the role of Merchant Navy

How To Join The Merchant Navy After 12th In India? Read on to find out more about merchant navy qualifications, eligibility, etc.

How To Join The Merchant Navy In India After 10th, 12th and graduation?

Joining the Merchant Navy in India is an exciting prospect that can open up many opportunities and career paths. The Indian Merchant Navy comprises various vessels, including bulk carriers, cargo ships, passenger ships, and other vessels that transport goods and services across the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal. To become a part of this industry, you must first understand what joining entails and the requirements to become a member.

The Basic Requirements To Join The Merchant Navy in India include the following:

Basic Requirements To Join The Merchant Navy

The Merchant Navy is a specialized seafaring field requiring specific qualifications and expertise. To join the Merchant Navy in India, there are basic requirements that you must meet. Firstly, you must be an Indian national and at least 17 years old. You must also possess a minimum of 10+2 (or equivalent) with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as the main subjects.

Additionally, you must hold a valid medical certificate from a recognized maritime medical examiner. It is also necessary to have the adequate physical strength and good vision.

To be accepted into the Merchant Navy, you will also need to pass an entrance exam conducted by the Directorate General of Shipping (DGS). This examination is known as the Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test (IMU CET).

It tests your aptitude, English language skills, and knowledge of science and mathematics. Finally, you must also attend a series of pre-sea training courses, which are mandatory for joining the Merchant Navy. These courses will help you understand navigation and the many different aspects of seafaring.

Read More:- Qualifications To Become An Air Hostess

Admission Process to be a Cadet in the Merchant Navy

The application and selection process for the Merchant Navy requires you to meet the essential eligibility criteria. This includes passing a physical fitness test, having the necessary educational qualifications, and passing the mandatory entrance exams. After meeting the criteria, you will be eligible to apply for admission to various merchant navy institutes.

The application process is relatively simple. You will need to complete an online application form that requires your personal information, such as name, address, contact details, educational qualifications, etc. Additionally, you will need to provide your educational certificates and documents related to any previous experience in the maritime sector.

After your application has been submitted, the selection process begins. During this stage, applicants are usually required to appear for an entrance exam, interview, and medical tests. Depending on the college or institute you apply to, you may also need to attend group discussions and other tests.

The entrance exams usually consist of general topics such as English, Maths and Science and questions related to maritime studies and technology. The interview panel might also ask questions about your motivations and ambitions for joining the Merchant Navy.

Upon completing the selection process, you will receive an offer letter from the institute confirming your admission. Once accepted, you will be required to submit additional documents, such as identity proof and passport-size photos, before the commencement of classes.

What Training And Certification Are Required To Become A Merchant Navy In India?

To become a successful Merchant Navy professional, you must possess the proper training and certifications. The primary requirement for joining the Merchant Navy is obtaining a certification from the Directorate General of Shipping, Government of India.

You also need to gain experience in your respective field to be considered eligible for the post. The certifications that you should obtain to join the Merchant Navy are:

Certificate Of Competency (CoC)

This is an essential certificate required by all aspiring merchant navy officers to practice as navigators on ships at sea.

Certificate Of Equivalent Competency (CEC)

This is an equivalent certificate issued to those with foreign qualifications and experience.

Officer In Charge Of Navigational Watch (OICNW)

This is a necessary certificate to operate and control a navigational watch on board a vessel.

Officer In Charge Of Engineering Watch (OICEW)

This is a mandatory certificate to serve as an engineer on a merchant’s vessel.

In addition to the certificates mentioned earlier, other specialized certificates are available for medical officers, radio officers, etc., which need to be obtained if you want to pursue a career in the Merchant Navy.

Apart from these certifications, you also need to have adequate knowledge about the basic operations of a ship, such as navigation and propulsion systems, cargo handling and stowage, and marine engineering. Knowledge about maritime laws and regulations is also essential.

You should also possess good communication skills, think clearly, and make quick decisions in difficult situations. A good knowledge of computers is also necessary since many modern ships use automated systems for their operations.

Overall, having the proper training and certifications is essential to join the Merchant Navy and embark on a successful career at sea.

Job Opportunities In The Merchant Navy After 12th

The Merchant Navy offers a wide range of jobs in India, from experienced seafarers to new and inexperienced recruits. Jobs range from deck officers and engineers who control the vessel’s vessel operations to support staff, including cooks and cleaners.

Deck Officers Responsible

Deck officers are responsible for navigation and the safety of the ship. They must be able to handle various tasks, including steering the vessel, operating navigation equipment, maintaining communications, and looking after the crew. Deck officers also need to be familiar with international maritime laws and regulations.

Engineers Responsible

Engineers are responsible for the maintenance and operation of the machinery on board. They must ensure that the vessel is in safe working condition at all times and be able to diagnose and repair any faults. Engineers may specialize in certain types of machinery, such as diesel engines or refrigeration systems.

Other Significant Roles

Other significant roles include cooks, stewards, cleaners, and ratings. These crew members look after the day-to-day running of the ship, providing meals and cleaning services. Ratings must be physically fit and be able to perform basic maintenance tasks, such as painting and chipping.

The Merchant Navy also offers shore-based jobs, such as surveyors, harbor masters, pilots, and marine insurance professionals. These professionals support the maritime industry by ensuring that vessels adhere to safety regulations, that cargo is correctly loaded, and those vessel movements are accurately recorded.

Overall, the Merchant Navy provides a rewarding and exciting career path for those interested in life at sea. It offers an opportunity to see the world and gain experience that can open up many career options. The Merchant Navy also provides job security and excellent pay, making it an attractive option for those seeking a long-term career in the marine industry.

What Are The Salary And Benefits Of The Merchant Navy In India?

The Merchant Navy offers a gratifying career with attractive salaries and benefits. Salaries depend on the position held, level of experience, qualifications, and rank. It is also possible to receive bonuses, overtime payments, and other special allowances.

  • A Chief Engineer in the Merchant Navy typically earns a salary of Rs 1-2 lakhs per month.
  • An Ordinary Seaman earns Rs 25,000 – Rs 40,000 per month. Deck Officers can earn between Rs 40,000 and 1.5 lakhs per month.

In addition to the salary, several other benefits are available for sailors in the Merchant Navy, such as free food, lodging and transportation. Sailors also get paid leave in addition to vacation time for family visits. Some companies also offer health insurance and life insurance for their sailors.

Overall, working in the Merchant Navy is a great way to make a good living while traveling worldwide. With the right qualifications and experience, you can have a successful and lucrative career in the Merchant Navy.

Final Thoughts

The Merchant Navy is an exciting career choice that offers a unique opportunity to explore the world and experience life at sea. Joining the Merchant Navy can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience, both financially and personally. To join the Merchant Navy in India, one must meet specific requirements such as age, educational qualifications, and medical fitness. The application and selection process involves taking tests, submitting documents, and appearing for interviews.

Successful candidates must undergo rigorous training and certification before they can begin working in the Merchant Navy. Job opportunities in the Merchant Navy include ship captains, engineers, deck officers, and crew members. Salaries in the Merchant Navy are competitive, and there are also attractive benefits. With hard work and dedication, one can have a successful career in the Merchant Navy and make a good living.

The top career coaches at Mind mirror are available to assist you through their online career counselling services if you’re someone who wants to pursue a career in the navy sector and are also interested in learning how to join the merchant navy. Additionally, they will advise you on how to carve out a great career as a merchant navy in this industry.