How To Become An Astrophysicist In India After 12th | Career Guide
How To Become An Astrophysicist In India

Are you curious about astrophysicists and looking for a career that combines your interests in astronomy and physics? If so, a career in astrophysics may be the perfect fit for you! Astrophysics is a specialized field of physics that studies the structure and behavior of celestial objects. This career guide will provide an overview of what it takes to become an astrophysicist in India after the 12th, including the educational and professional requirements necessary to pursue this exciting profession. Read on to learn more about how to become an astrophysicist in India.

What Is Astrophysics?

Astrophysics is a branch of physics that focuses on studying celestial objects such as stars, planets, galaxies, and the universe as a whole. It is an interdisciplinary field that combines aspects of astronomy, physics, chemistry, and even mathematics to understand the physical nature of the universe. Astrophysicists investigate how celestial objects form, evolve and interact with one another and how they are affected by physical laws. By using mathematical models and theories, astrophysicists can learn more about the formation and structure of these objects and their relationship to the universe. Astrophysics is a complex and fascinating field, and understanding it can help us gain insight into the origins of our universe.

What Does An Astrophysicist Do?

An Astrophysicist is a scientist who studies the universe and its components, such as planets, stars, galaxies, and other celestial bodies. Astrophysicists use various techniques, such as mathematical analysis and observation through powerful telescopes, to better understand the universe.

Knowledge Of Mathematics

Astrophysicists also use their knowledge of mathematics and physics to develop theories about the universe’s origin, structure, and behavior. They are also responsible for designing experiments and collecting data to test these theories. This work involves gathering data from optical, radio, or x-ray telescope observations.


Astrophysicists often specialize in one particular area of the field. This can include researching the formation of stars and galaxies, the nature of black holes, the detection of extrasolar planets, or investigating the origin and evolution of the universe. They may also focus on developing instruments to observe distant objects in space.

By studying the universe, astrophysicists can gain insight into many aspects of physics and astronomy. They may work in universities or laboratories or even participate in research missions aboard spacecraft. As technological advances continue to expand our knowledge of the cosmos, Astrophysics will remain an exciting and vital field of science.

How To Become An Astrophysicist In India? A Step-by-Step Guide

Astrophysics is a branch of science that studies stars, planets, galaxies and other celestial bodies. Aspiring astrophysicists must have a passion for science and a strong interest in the universe’s workings. Becoming an astrophysicist requires rigorous academic training and dedication to the field.

To become an astrophysicist in India, aspiring astrophysicists must complete the following steps:

Step 1: Pursue An Undergraduate Degree In Astrophysics Or A Related Field

The first step to becoming an astrophysicist is to pursue a four-year bachelor’s degree in astrophysics or any related field like astronomy, physics, mathematics, or computer science. Students will learn about cosmology, galactic evolution, stellar structure, and more during this degree program.

Step 2: Clear Entrance Exam

After completing the undergraduate degree, candidates must clear an entrance exam to pursue a master’s degree in astrophysics. The entrance exam covers topics such as astrophysics, astronomy, and physics.

Step 3: Pursue A Master’s Degree In Astrophysics

The next step is to pursue a two-year master’s degree in astrophysics from an accredited institution. This program typically involves courses such as astronomy, astrophysics, astrochemistry, cosmology, galactic evolution, and more.

Step 4: Conduct Research

Most universities and research institutes offer the opportunity to conduct research in astrophysics while pursuing a master’s degree. Research opportunities are essential for aspiring astrophysicists as they provide them with the necessary skills and knowledge to become successful in this field.

Step 5: Pursue A Doctorate Degree

The final step to becoming an astrophysicist is to pursue a doctoral degree. A doctorate degree typically takes around 4-6 years to complete. This program involves furthering your knowledge of observational astronomy, stellar dynamics, and evolution. After completing the doctoral degree, you will be considered a qualified astrophysicist.

By following these steps, aspiring astrophysicists can quickly become an astrophysicist in India. Along with academic qualifications and research experience, individuals need to possess specific skills such as problem-solving, analytical thinking, and creativity to excel in this field.

Eligibility to Become an Astrophysicist

To pursue a career in astrophysics in India, it is essential to know the eligibility criteria. You need to have a keen interest in astronomy, physics, and mathematics and possess problem-solving skills.

To be eligible for admission into a degree program in astrophysics, you must have passed 10+2 in science with at least 50% marks. The subject combination should include Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Some universities may also consider Biology as an additional subject.

In addition to the 10+2 qualification, you must also have valid scores in various entrance exams such as the Joint Entrance Exam (JEE Main), Indian Institute of Technology-Joint Admission Test (IIT-JAM), Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE), and National Eligibility Test (NET). Depending on the institute, you may also need to appear for an interview and/or an aptitude test.

Thus, you can become an astrophysicist in India by having an excellent academic background along with the right set of entrance exams and interviews.

Skills Required to Become an Astrophysicist

To become an astrophysicist, you must possess various skills to succeed. You must have strong analytical and problem-solving skills. You must also be able to think logically and work independently and in teams.

You should also have excellent mathematical skills and be able to work with complex equations. This is because astrophysics involves a lot of calculations and the use of various formulas. Additionally, you should be proficient in programming languages like C++ and Java to analyze data from satellite images and other astronomical sources.

You must also have excellent written and oral communication skills to explain complicated theories to students and colleagues. Stay up-to-date with the latest research and advances in astrophysics, so you should also be willing to keep learning new information. Finally, you must be passionate about astronomy and astrophysics to be successful in this field.

What Are The Various Exams You Need To Clear To Become An Astrophysicist?

To become an astrophysicist, you need to take a variety of exams. These exams can vary depending on which field of the astrophysics you are interested in pursuing. However, some of the exams which are commonly required include the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) conducted by the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main, the National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and the Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM).


The GATE exam is aimed at testing the student’s comprehensive understanding of core concepts related to the field of engineering. GATE scores are considered for admission into higher studies such as Master in Engineering or Doctoral programs.

JEE Main

The JEE Main is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). This exam is the gateway for admission into various undergraduate engineering courses in IITs, NITs, and other CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutes).


The NET is conducted by CSIR for recruitment into scientific posts and fellowships. It is a qualifying exam for Junior Research Fellowships and other research projects and assignments in institutions such as IISER and IIITs.


Finally, the JAM is a national-level entrance test conducted by the IITs and IISc. It is meant for admissions into Master’s degree programs in various branches of engineering and technology.

Aspiring astrophysicists must clear these just a few exams to get admission into higher studies. Other tests, such as GRE, LSAT, etc., are also necessary depending on the particular field of study.

Top Astrophysics Institutes In India

Several excellent institutions in India offer undergraduate and postgraduate programs in astronomy and astrophysics. These include the following:

1. Indian Institute Of Science Education And Research (IISER), Pune

IISER Pune is considered one of the best institutes for research-oriented study in astronomy and astrophysics. The institute offers undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate programs in physics, chemistry and biology.

2. Indian Institute Of Astrophysics (IIA), Bangalore

IIA is one of India’s oldest institutions dedicated to astronomy and astrophysics research. The institute offers a wide range of courses, including bachelor’s degrees, Master’s degrees, postgraduate diplomas and Ph.D. programs.

3. Inter-University Centre For Astronomy And Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune

IUCAA was established by the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Government of India. It is India’s premier center for research and teaching in astronomy and astrophysics. The institute offers several undergraduate and postgraduate programs related to astronomy and astrophysics.

4. National Centre For Radio Astrophysics (NCRA), Pune

NCRA is an autonomous center under the umbrella of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). It is involved in research activities related to radio astronomy and astrochemistry. The institute offers undergraduate, Master’s, MPhil and Ph.D. programs in radio astronomy.

5. Centre For Excellence In Basic Sciences (CBS), Mumbai

CBS is a research institution under Mumbai University. The institute provides undergraduate and postgraduate courses related to astrophysics, cosmology, and astroparticle physics. It also houses the first research observatory in India for education, training, and research in astronomy.

Top Astrophysics Institutes In India

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Subjects That Are Taught In The Astrophysics Program

Astrophysics is an interdisciplinary subject that combines elements of mathematics, physics and chemistry. An astrophysics program provides students with the necessary skills and knowledge to pursue a career in astrophysics.

  1. The subjects covered in an astrophysics program include astronomy, physics, mathematics, cosmology, and more. Astronomy covers topics such as celestial mechanics, stellar evolution, and the evolution of galaxies. Physics includes the study of matter and energy, the principles of thermodynamics, and the laws of motion. Mathematics covers the fundamentals of calculus and linear algebra. Cosmology examines the origin and structure of the universe.
  2. In addition to these core subjects, students also learn about observational techniques, instrumentation, computer simulation, and data analysis. They also gain hands-on experience in developing and operating telescopes and other astronomical instruments. Other topics that may be covered include radiation physics, relativistic astrophysics, and plasma physics.
  3. Astrophysics programs also provide students with the opportunity to develop their research skills. Students often have the opportunity to participate in research projects or internships related to astrophysics. This can help them to gain experience in the field, as well as further their understanding of the subject matter.

Overall, an astrophysics program provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the field. Students gain knowledge in many different areas, including mathematics, physics, astronomy, cosmology, instrumentation, and data analysis. This knowledge can help them to pursue a successful career in astrophysics.

What Is The Average Salary Of An Astrophysicist In India?

The average salary of an astrophysicist in India can vary depending on experience, qualifications, and location. According to Payscale, the average salary for an Astrophysicist in India is around INR 6,70,000 per annum. The lowest 10% of the wage earners in this field make around INR 4,60,000, while the highest 10% make INR 11,00,000 or more. The average starting salary for astrophysicists can range from INR 3,50,000 to INR 8,00,000. With experience and higher qualifications, astrophysicists can expect to earn more. Additionally, their salaries will depend on the industry they work in and their responsibility level.


Astrophysics is an exciting and challenging career option in India. Astrophysicists get the opportunity to explore the fascinating mysteries of the universe and develop a better understanding of its workings. Becoming an astrophysicist requires rigorous training, but the rewards are well worth it. With the right qualifications, dedication, and hard work, you can become an accomplished astrophysicist and make a valuable contribution to the field of astronomy. In addition to the many job opportunities available, you will have the chance to travel and explore distant galaxies, discover new phenomena, and even uncover secrets of the universe. The sky’s the limit when it comes to becoming an astrophysicist in India!

About Mind Mirror For Career Counselling

With its team of experienced Career Counsellors, Mind Mirror also offers career counseling services for those who wish to pursue a career in astrophysics. For those looking for job opportunities in the field, Mind Mirror can connect them with the right employers. Through its comprehensive suite of services, Mind Mirror has been helping many aspiring astrophysicists in India to make their dreams a reality.